30 June 2020Dopo health emergencies, more than 90% of the libraries in italy, he reported a worsening of the economic performance of its activities due to the outbreak of the pandemic, and over 84% is in the difficulty in being able to meet the financial requirements like pay their employees, provide for bills and rent, to support the social security contributions and tax. To launch the alarm is the first Observatory, the Wings of Confcommercio on the libraries in Italy and presented today and that investigates a sector from 3.670 exercises and over 11 thousand employees.
The the hardest moments of the crisis post Covid for the Italian bookshops, according to the report of the first Observatory, the Wings of Confcommercio, are close to of the summer: over 70% of libraries said to have adopted the layoff and the 60% of companies have reduced or expect to reduce their staff, with a decline already recorded between December 2019 and April 2020, of -6,6%, and a forecast for July 2020 -18%. “If you do not receive the credit at the bottom of the lost – complaint The Observatory – will be at risk many, many exercises and so many jobs”.
Positive note, despite the critical issues, during the health emergency, some libraries have resorted to the digital evolution: the 27% began to use or increased the use of e-commerce and 86.1% of these considers that the solutions adopted during the pandemic may become permanent.
According to the study, about 25% of the libraries is located in the North West, 18% northeast, 26% in the Centre and 31% in the South of Italy. Lazio, Lombardy and Piedmont are the top three regions for number of libraries in Italy. In 2012 in Italy there were 3.901 libraries today there are 3.670: there was then a decrease of 231 libraries in the course of the last five years.
The libraries employ more than 11 thousand employed people in Italy (of which 42.7% work in enterprises with size class of more than nine workers). Among the workers who work in libraries, 39.2% work in the North West, and 19.9% in the northeast, 23.5% in the Centre and 17.4% in the South.
According to the survey, the libraries can count on a clientele of confidence: the total number of customers in the course of the last year have purchased at least one article in the library, almost seven out of ten are people who belong to the historical customer of the store. Six libraries out of ten believe that the figure of the bookseller is the real strength of the library for its ability to act as an adviser to the consumer, advise the books and spread the culture.Among the libraries that they believe that the figure of the bookseller is the real strength of the library, 95.5% believed that their library is able to translate this presence into an economic advantage.
In difficulties the independent libraries on the selection of the books: 62.8% fails to make available to consumers a assortment up to date. Of the total of the management costs that the independent bookstores have sustained in the course of the last year, 57.4% were for “payroll ” incompressible” (e.g. rent and utilities). The data was further aggravated because of the pandemic. Five independent libraries of the ten have served distributors for supply of books (50,1%), 25.7% of the wholesalers, only 5.3% of the distributors online.
Between the channels of distribution of books of which the libraries suffer most from the competition, the electronic commerce represents the most feared. The libraries that will suffer the most due to the competition of e-commerce, complain, mostly, the lack of regulation of the market and competition.