Former President Nicolas sarkozy in Paris, May 14, 2017. FRANCK FIFE / AFPIn the long history of judicial trouble of Nicolas Sarkozy, March 1, 2021 will be the date: the former president was first convicted by a court in the matter of listening (also known as Paul Bismuth). This case is not the only case in which the former head of state is quoted or questioned.
Since he left the Elysée, his name has appeared in no less than eleven other investigations. Listening case (Azibert-Bismuth)Sentenced at first instanceNicolas Sarkozy was sentenced on 1 March to three years in prison (one year firm) for corruption and influence trafficking. The court accuses him of trying to obtain from a magistrate at the Court of Cassation, Gilbert Azibert, secret information from another case concerning him (the Bettencourt file).
In exchange, Nicolas Sarkozy would have promised to intervene in favour of the magistrate so that he could obtain a prestigious position in Monaco. The prosecution is based on telephone conversations between Nicolas Sarkozy and his lawyer on an informal line – two prepaid phones purchased under the name of “Paul Bismuth”. Article reserved for our subscribers Read also Nicolas Sarkozy condemned in the matter of listening: the correctional court insists on the “special gravity” of the factsNicolas Sarkozy can still appeal for his conviction.
Prior to the hearing, his lawyers had denounced a “trial of intent”, explaining that there was no evidence in the file that proved the “problem of corruption” between Mr. Sarkozy and Mr. Azibert. 2012 campaign accounts (Bygmalion)Referred to trialNicolas Sarkozy must appear from March 17 to April 15 in the Correctional Court for suspicions of illegal financing of his campaign in 2012. The investigation did not demonstrate that Nicolas Sarkozy had ordered him to hide some of his campaign fees, or that he was informed of a false accounting.
“There has never been a close and far-reaching Libyan centime or a cash transfer to finance my campaign,” said Nicolas Sarkozy during his hearing before the judges in October 2020. “The Libyans have never been able to finance my campaign.” It is still too early to know whether this case will take place at a trial, and if Mr. Sarkozy could appear there. Karachi’s caseWitness assistedAs the elections began in 1995, the government of Edward Balladur, including Nicolas Sarkozy as Budget Minister, reportedly awarded fierce commissions in arms sales in Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.
Some of the money would have come back through intermediaries to finance Mr. Balladur’s presidential campaign, of which Mr. Sarkozy was a spokesperson. In February 2014, the judges responsible for the financial component of the Karachi case considered it necessary to hear Nicolas Sarkozy as an assisted witness. In August 2016, the court received a non-court, which was cancelled in November 2018, when the court re-launched the case.
Read also Understanding the Karachi case in 6 episodesRussian case (Reso-Garantia)Preliminary investigationJustice questions about a 500,000 euro transfer received in early 2020 by Nicolas Sarkozy, as part of a consulting contract with the Russian Reso-Garantia insurance group. 500 Euro ticketsNever directly involvedAt the hijacking of searches carried out in the context of the Libyan investigation, justice questioned the origin of large cuts of 500 euros used by Nicolas Sarkozy. Asked by the judges, Mr. Sarkozy explained that he used to have 2,000 euros taken off each month in large cuts by an assistant.
But Nicolas Sarkozy participated in the negotiation of this international contract as head of state. Nicolas Sarkozy has never been directly questioned or questioned by the judges, unlike some of his relatives, such as Claude Guéant. Travel in jetNever directly involvedAt the hijacking of a search in another case, in 2014 the court discovered bills for private jet flights of Nicolas Sarkozy, paid by the company of his friend Stéphane Courbit, LOV Group.
Nicolas Sarkozy was never legally concerned in this case, which dealt with suspicions, ultimately unsubstantiated, of abuse of social property to the prejudice of Lov Group. The arbitration, which began handling, was annulled by the courts in 2015, and Bernard Tapie condemned to pay back. In this case, Nicolas Sarkozy refused to come to testify, sheltering behind his presidential immunity.
In 2019, the court decided to send six persons (two of whom were close to Nicolas Sarkozy), whose trial date has not yet been set. Mr. Sarkozy could not be targeted by the judges, because the case had taken place within the framework of his mandate. It was on behalf of this presidential immunity that he refused to go to the convocation of the judge in 2016.
BettencourtOffences (non-place)After having been auditioned several times, placed under the status of assisted witness and then examined for abuse of weakness, traffic of influence and recel, Nicolas Sarkozy was granted a non-place in 2013. Penalties of campaign accountsOffences (non-place)The open investigation for mistrust was aimed at the penalties for overtaking the spending limit of Nicolas Sarkozy’s 2012 campaign.