At the top of the bets on Africa, a call to “accelerate” vaccination on the continent

At the top of the bets on Africa, a call to “accelerate” vaccination on the continent
French President Emmanuel Macron (2nd L), International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva (L), Senegal's President Macky Sall (R) and African Union President and President of Congo Democratic Republic Felix Tshisekedi (2nd R) gather after they held a joint press conderence at the end of the Summit on the Financing of African Economies in Paris on May 18, 2021. / AFP / POOL / Ludovic MARIN

But it is first of all a call to support Africa in access to vaccination that has been launched. “In the immediate future, the top priority is to defeat the pandemic,” writes the leaders participating in the event in the final communiqué. These statements confirm the new international momentum around the lifting of patents on vaccines.

This demand, initially carried by India and South Africa, has long been hampered by the resistance of Americans, Europeans and Japanese, on behalf of the defence of innovation. But the new American president joe biden unexpectedly changed his foot on 5 May, leading Europe to its wake. On the ground, the swell is already blunt between Africa and the rest of the world in terms of vaccination.

Only 1% of vaccines administered around the world have benefited the continent and less than 1.3 per cent of the african population has received a first dose so far. This discrepancy may be digested with the suspension, since March, of the exports of astrazeneca vaccines manufactured by the serum institute of india. On Tuesday, the manufacturer announced that he was hoping to resume his deliveries “by the end of the year” only.

To jeopardize the entire pattern of vaccine distribution to poor countries in practice. In the meantime, the urgency for the continent is economical, while the effects of the crisis are likely to cancel twenty years of development. No firm commitmenta one of the promises egregated on Tuesday, it is difficult to say that the paris summit will be the starting point for a “new deal” of financing for Africa, as the macron emanuel had wished.

Thanks to a global dts of $650 billion, the principle of which has already been applied, $33 billion should come back mechanically to Africa, through the set of quotas within the institution. Tuesday, emmanuel macron announced that it would redirect the dts returning to the continent, and called on all rich countries to do the same to reach a total of $100 billion. A “political agreement” could take place at the next G7 or G20 summit, between June and September, he clarified.

For the French president, this summit will have been an opportunity to stage its desire to re-establish relations between France and Africa. The next step will be the trip of the Head of State to the rwanda and then to the south afrique, at the end of May.