A dijon, the experimental farm that anticipates a future without pesticides

A dijon, the experimental farm that anticipates a future without pesticides
La plateforme CA-SYS du domaine d'Epoisses à Bretenière est une ferme expérimentale de 130 hectares et 50 parcelles. Ici on conçoiot des systèmes agricoles sans pesticides utilisant la diversité sauvage et cultivée comme moyen de production afin d'évaluer par l'expérience leur faisabilité et leurs performances. Lors d'une formation animée par un chercheur de l'INRAE un exploitant agricole observe une parcelle où le colza est associé à des plabtes compagnes. Bretenières le 31-03-2021 - Photographie Arnaud Finistre

Reportage of scientists from the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (inrae) lead a unique experience in france. On a 132-hectare farm in Côte-d’Or, they test in real conditions agroecological systems with zero phytosanitary. Unlike appearances, the 25-year-old research technician does not go to the butterfly hunt, but tries to catch the mints to count them.

These pest insects eat the rape buttons before they hatch. The scene would be unusual in a traditional farm, but is part of the daily life of the estate of Epoisses, located south of the dungeon. This experimental farm belonging to the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (inrae) is the first of its kind to use no pesticide.

Ecological challenge and political challengestéphane cordeau (in white), researcher of the Inrae, conducted a field training on the mastery of adventices in large organic cultures. Bretenière, March 31, 2021. finished scam for “the world”by counting the methees (insect pests) that have colonized a plant, the researchers can determine the pressure of the plants on crops. Bretenière, March 31, 2021. finished scam for “the world”launched in 2018, this research platform is called CA-SYS.

A reference to the cassis, local specialty, but above all the English acronym of “coconstructed agroecological system”. The ten-year experiment aims to determine the replacement of phytosanitary products by improving animal and plant biodiversity at the same time as preserving profitability. With other scientists and farmers, the agronomist engineer has imagined this experience, which wants to be participatory in 2013.

These adventitures, or “weeds”, may be used in the absence of herbicide-treated treatment and prevent crop development by shade or by capturing the water and nitrogen contained in the soil.